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Diagnosis and treatment of childhood cancer

Diagnosis and treatment of childhood cancer


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The child cancer it has a good prognosis when diagnosed early. If detected at an early stage, the treatment of the disease is more effective, thus increasing the chances of a cure for children.

Childhood cancer can be cured in most cases, if it is detected early. Ignorance of the causes of cancer in childhood, many of the symptoms of the disease are confused as they are sometimes interpreted as common childhood ailments.

Cancer in children spreads rapidly, which is why it is so early diagnosis important and effective treatment, which increases the chances that the child will survive and lead an active and productive life.

The diagnostic tests To detect cancer in a child are numerous, some annoying and others more complex, but all of them are necessary to determine the type of cancer they suffer from, its location, size and evolution. These tests are used to determine the type of tumor, and to know the extent of the disease. Analytics blood tests, radiological studies and biopsies are some of these tests. Only from there can the most appropriate type of treatment be established in each case.

It is recommended that the cancer treatment for children is run in hospitals specialized in pediatric oncology, by adequate facilities and specially trained personnel.

The most commonly used treatments are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and, in special cases, bone marrow transplantation.

1. Surgery it is normally used for the removal of a tumor.

2. Chemotherapy It is used to destroy cancer cells, while radiotherapy is often used together with other techniques to combat the disease through high-energy radiation.

The type of treatment that will be used will depend on the kind of cancer that the child has. There are cases in which surgery alone is sufficient, and others in which all modalities are used. The side effects They exist and should be controlled, if possible, by the doctor. Chemotherapy, for example, often causes hair loss or mouth sores. However, thanks to therapeutic advances in treatments, most children with cancer are cured.

Apart from the specialist in childhood oncology and from the support staff, in many cases, a psychologist and, in special cases, a physiotherapist accompany the child. The child will need not only medicine but Psychological Support. You have to support him in every way. Keeping the child always encouraged and supported will give him more strength to overcome any problem.

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