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Meconium aspiration syndrome before or during delivery

Meconium aspiration syndrome before or during delivery



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Meconium is what the first feces of the newborn are called. It is a thick, viscous substance that is dark green to black in color. Usually the baby expels it up to 48 hours after being born.

But, What is meconium aspiration syndrome? It is estimated that between five and twenty percent of births the expulsion of meconium occurs within the mother's womb, mixing with the amniotic fluid. We tell you what risks exist for the baby if this happens.

If it happens that the meconium leaves the womb and comes into contact with the amniotic fluid, there is a risk that the baby suffers what is called meconium aspiration syndrome. It occurs when inhaled by the little one causing acute respiratory distress. And is that the baby's airway becomes blocked, either partially or completely, making it difficult to breathe and can trigger a serious disorder or even the death of the baby.

Although in most cases the disorders are mild thanks to the intervention of doctors. It depends on the baby's previous conditions and the amount of meconium he inhales.

If the baby suffers fetal distress and the oxygen supply is reduced, intestinal contractions in the baby and the relaxation of his sphincters can be caused, favoring the expulsion of meconium inside the uterus.

Other factors that can cause the appearance of meconium aspiration syndrome are the delay in labor, a long labor, or hypertension or diabetes in the mother, among others. Babies sometimes show no signs of fetal distress during delivery and still pass meconium before they are born.

If the baby suffers from meconium aspiration syndrome, the following symptoms may occur:

- Before birth you may have a low heart rate that may indicate that you are suffering from this syndrome.

- Low score on the Apgar test in which reflexes, muscle tone, respiration, color or heart rate are evaluated.

- Flaccidity.

- Bluish or greenish skin.

- Respiratory problems

- Signs that the baby was born late, such as having very long nails.

It is difficult to detect meconium inside the uterus. If the baby shows signs during delivery of having inhaled this substance, the medical team will assess the possible effects and will observe the baby during the first 24 hours, being able to perform blood tests or chest X-rays. The pediatrician can remove the remains of meconium with a laryngoscope in the windpipe and listen to the baby's breathing.

In severe cases, babies may need intensive neonatal care, antibiotics, and oxygen therapy.

Most babies with meconium aspiration syndrome get better within a few days, although in some cases this condition may put them at greater risk of future respiratory diseases such as asthma.

You can read more articles similar to Meconium aspiration syndrome before or during delivery, in the Babies category on site.


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