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One of the diseases that most affect women is breast cancer. A few years ago the actress Angelina Jolie underwent a mastectomy without being diagnosed with this disease. The reason was that there was a history in her family, and she wanted to prevent the onset of cancer. This decision had a lot of social impact.
Existing data suggest that preventive mastectomy can significantly reduce (90 percent) the risk of developing breast cancer in moderate and high risk women. However, no one can be sure that this procedure will protect a certain woman from developing breast cancer.
Preventive mastectomyto is the surgical removal of one to both breasts, with the aim of preventing or reducing the risk of breast cancer. Different interventions can be performed:
1. Total mastectomy: in which the breast tissue and the nipple are removed.
2. Subcutaneous mastectomy- The doctor removes the breast tissue, but leaves the skin or skin and nipple intact.
Some of the factors that increase a woman's chance of developing breast cancer are as follows:
- Previous breast cancer: A woman who has had cancer in one breast is more likely to develop a new cancer in the opposite breast. Sometimes these women may consider preventive mastectomy to decrease the chance of developing a new breast cancer.
- Family history of breast cancer- Preventive mastectomy may be an option for a woman whose mother, sister, or daughter had breast cancer, especially if they were diagnosed before age 50.
- Hereditary breast cancer: A woman whose genetic test is positive for changes or mutations in certain genes that increase the risk of breast cancer (for example, the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene) may consider preventive mastectomy.
- Radiotherapy: A woman who underwent radiation therapy to the chest (including the breasts) before age 30 is at an increased risk of developing breast cancer throughout her life. This includes women treated for Hodkin lymphoma.
Some doctors may advise very close follow-up (regular mammograms, regular exams, including a clinical breast exam by a health professional, and monthly self-exam) to increase the chance of detecting breast cancer at one stage. early.
In some cases with a high risk of breast cancer, women are recommended to take certain drugs such as tamoxifen, raloxifene or exemestane, which have been shown to reduce the risk of contracting this type of cancer.
High-risk women may also be advised to limit their alcohol intake, eat a low-fat diet, engage in regular exercise, and avoid the use of hormones for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. Although these lifestyle recommendations make sense and are part of a healthy lifestyle, there is still no clear and convincing evidence that specifically reduces the risk of developing breast cancer.
You can read more articles similar to What is preventive mastectomy, in the Cancer category on site.