Nicotine patches in pregnancy

Nicotine patches in pregnancy

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By now, we all know the consequences that smoking has on health and, above all, during pregnancy. In addition to the association of tobacco with lung cancer and cardiovascular disease, smoking during pregnancy is associated with a low birth weight of the baby and premature delivery.

Quitting tobacco with therapy or nicotine patches in pregnancy It is an important issue for the health of the mother and the fetus, but how to do it?

Statistics confirm that in developed countries, between 13 and 25 percent of women smoke during pregnancy. That percentage is also increasing among women in developing countries. Hence any step to quit this habit during pregnancy it has been welcomed by doctors and patients for decades. One of them is replacement therapy based on nicotine patches.

The nicotine patch It has an advantage over cigarettes and that is that it only contains nicotine, but this substance alone is an important risk factor because generates vasoconstriction This results in hypoxia [lack of oxygen], which can negatively affect the embryo and later the fetus.

For this reason, there is a general consensus that the best for quit smoking in pregnancy They are behavioral therapies, but specialists also admit that nicotine replacement therapy is less dangerous than tobacco, and its use is recommended in different medical guides.

However, to date little and little research has been done on this topic. The reason for the limited existence of research on nicotine patches in pregnancy is that it is more difficult to carry out clinical trials during pregnancy because of the side effects that can generate certain drugs to the fetus.

Despite everything, a recent study has revealed that the children of women who used nicotine gum or patches during pregnancy had colic more frequently than those newborns of mothers who had not smoked or employed any nicotine replacement therapy. The study took as a reference 15,000 women who had smoked during pregnancy. Some 1,200 had used nicotine gum or patches and had also smoked at some point during pregnancy, and 207 women had used one of these nicotine therapiesbut he hadn't smoked. The incidence of colic during lactation in infants was higher among the children of women who had used nicotine patches or gum, 11 percent versus 7 percent in the children of those who did not smoke.

Marisol New

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Video: 10 myths about quitting smoking in pregnancy (June 2022).