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Until a couple of decades ago, society did not give the importance to bilingualism that it is achieving in the 21st century, although there were a large number of children who were lucky to be so. In the vast majority of cases, they were children of parents from two different countries, Thus, most of the studies that were made on the methods of teaching languages to children and bilingual learning were focused on this family style.
In Guiainfantil.com we tell you some of the lastmethods of teaching languages to children, in a natural and simple way.
In recent years, the bilingualism has gained a lot of strength in early childhood education, and it needs to be clearly defined. According to the RAE (Royal Spanish Academy), bilingualism is the "habitual use of two languages in the same region or by the same person", but it is also "the ability of a person to speak two languages without any mental effort, even though I don't speak it regularly. "
Among the methods of teaching languages to children highlights the OPOL method "one person one language". To put this method into practice, it is necessary that each parent speaks a different language and that always speak in your priority language baby or child. The OPOL method achieves that the brain totally differentiates that there are two languages and that the child, even when he is in the room with the two parents, will have to use one in each situation, turning this change for the child's brain into a logical and normal situation, thus developing a series of differences with the brain of a monolingual child.
It is proven that the OPOL method is the most effective in the simultaneous learning of different languages. The only drawback we found is that for it to work 100 percent parents have to speak different languages in a natural way, situation that we find in very few families. We can always rely on family members or private teachers, although it will never be as effective as parents, who are the ones who will spend more time with the child and also have a stronger bond with the.
Another method of teaching languages to children, which has shown good results in childhood, is the "Preview Review", which consists of the translation of every word and every concept. It is very widespread and It is the most used among children from 3 to 6 years old, who have not had contact with the second language in the first years of life. To apply this system well, it requires a lot of effort by the educator, since the type of sentences to use have to be short and very clear. As children progress and become familiar with the second language, se should reduce the first language trying to tend to the OPOL method. The drawbacks of this system are that it's slower than OPOL method and more laborious.
Jolly Phonics is a method designed to Pronounce correctly and adapt the speech apparatus of children. This method for avoid speaking with an accent is currently being widely used to complete bilingual education, as it is focused on the pronunciation of English phonemes from an early age.
You can read more articles similar to Methods for teaching languages to children, in the Language category on site.