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Sinusitis, this word is widely spread. We all know someone who has suffered from it, maybe even ourselves. But do we really know what it is?
On our site we tell you what the symptoms of sinusitis in children and what is the most appropriate treatment.
We answer the most common questions about sinusitis in children:
What is sinusitis?
Sinusitis is defined as inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
What are paranasal sinuses?
They are small holes present on the inside of our face and skull, and that are normally filled with air.
Where and what are the sinuses?
-Ethmoidal: They are on both sides of the nose.
-Sphenoidal: They are between the orbit and the upper part of the jaw.
-Maxillaries: They are found on both cheeks.
-Frontals: We have them above the nose; that is, in the middle of the forehead.
It is important to know that the paranasal sinuses begin to fill with air from 3 - 4 years of age (the first to appear are the ethmoid sinuses), and that they just do so around 14 - 15 years of age (the last in airing are the frontals and the sphenoid). This is: a 4-year-old child cannot possibly have frontal sinusitis.
What are the causes of sinusitis in children?
- infectious. Sinusitis in childhood usually has an infectious origin, as a complication of a previous catarrhal condition. The accumulation of mucus causes an obstruction of the sinus exit holes, thus facilitating the proliferation of bacteria.
- Other causes. Allergy with persistent rhinitis, cystic fibrosis, adenoid hypertrophy (vegetations), diseases of the cilia, etc.
What symptoms does sinusitis produce in children?
Infectious sinusitis produces persistent fever and mucus lasting more than two weeks. Fever is not present in allergic sinusitis. Older children typically report pain in the head or face, which increases with head movements and coughing.
How to make your diagnosis?
By the clinic. Radiological studies are not indicated, except in chronic cases, if there is a poor clinical course, or if we suspect complications. In that case, the technique of choice is CT.
What is the treatment for sinusitis in children?
The treatment of choice is a broad-spectrum oral antibiotic, such as amoxicillin, at high doses, and for 10 days. In addition, we will provide an anti-inflammatory by mouth, such as ibuprofen. The use of nasal vasoconstrictors is not recommended in children.
You can read more articles similar to Sinusitis in children. Causes and treatment, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.