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It is not at all strange that babies and children have snot and phlegm constantly; and it does not have to mean that our little one is 'bad'. It is very common to hear parents say that children's snot and phlegm only disappear during the summer season and that they are a battle throughout the year.
Mucus is actually a Defense mechanism for the child's body, strengthening their immune system and cleaning the airways of germs. Even so, despite its important function, when the mucus is excessive, the child will be very uncomfortable (insomnia, lack of appetite, fatigue, feeling of suffocation, vomiting) and if it lasts for a long time it can cause complications such as otitis or bronchitis; that is why it is important to try to eliminate it, or at least not to get to the point of being excessive. That is where we adults can help them.
If after the visit to the pediatrician no associated complication is detected, we give you some very important guidelines for keeping mucus in check.
In the case of babies, breastfeeding is advised on demand, the mother's body will gradually adjust to the baby's needs. In the case of older children, although it has not been possible to demonstrate that hydration is related to the fluidity of the mucus, when they are congested they breathe through their nose and have dry throat being a tool to relieve them. Drinking fluids Phlegm is also swallowed, reducing the risk of associated complications. Apart from this, maintaining hydration is very important as they often lose their appetite and tend to vomit.
- Ventilated and humid environment
Ventilate your room, avoid tobacco smoke in your environment, take the child out for the sun and the air pure. If the child tolerates it, it is advisable to use a humidifier in his room, maintaining a daily cleaning to avoid the formation of fungus in it.
- Nasal washes with physiological saline
The physiological saline decongests the nose and nasal passages, dissolving the accumulated mucus in the throat and carrying it out. It is important to maintain a good hygiene in nasal aspirators as they are not disposable and accumulate viruses and bacteria. In the event that the child is small and does not know how to spit phlegm, we can help you eliminate them inserting a gauze with our finger in the mouth; the phlegm will stick to the gauze and will be easier to remove.
- Maintain postures that reduce the feeling of suffocation
Keep him semi-upright whether he's awake or asleep. Ergonomic carrying can be of great help in this regard; keeps the child upright and you can control their breathing closely.
- Go to a specialist physiotherapist in the field
So that with different techniques (manual or instrumental) relieves the child's mucus and teach us techniques that we adults can do at home.
In any case, patting or rubbing the back, which were recommended until recently, have become somewhat obsolete, since it has been scientifically proven that they do not have optimal results and, on some occasions, they have even been observed Adverse effects.
This specialty of physiotherapy also helps in the treatment of bronchiolitis, bronchitis or even in asthmatic children.
You can read more articles similar to How to relieve mucus and phlegm in children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.