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When the cold and cold season begins, it is important to let's pay attention to children's breathing, because it influences maxillofacial development. It is common that in the fall and winter season, children's respiratory problems go unnoticed by parents because children usually present snot regularly. However, breathing well influences the development of the child.
A) Yes, children suffering from obstructive hypoventilation at night (decreased air) or even the so-called sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) can suffer consequences that even affect the bone formation of your face.
Children with sleep-disordered breathing suffer alterations in dental and facial development caused by obstruction of the upper airway. These alterations are vertical growth of the face, narrow palate and alterations in dental occlusion (crossbite). Are the typical children with long faces and protruding incisors (inclined forward), since the pointed arch of the teeth lacks space to house the teeth.
In children, the symptoms of sleep apnea syndrome are different from those in adults, except in severe cases or children with significant obesity, since they do not usually have hypersomnia or excessive daytime sleepiness, but rather it is restless, hyperexcitable children, with nocturnal enuresis, among other symptoms.
These nighttime sleep disturbances caused by poor breathing cause a vicious cycle, since, in turn, sleep apnea worsens, and it accentuates the disturbances. The involvement of pediatricians to detect these facial abnormalities as a possible symptom of sleep apnea and refer it to the ENT can help reduce the risk of these alterations.
When these disorders are not treated, the child may need orthodontia, in addition to affecting the aesthetics of the face. Generally, when the child is less than 5 years old, surgery is not necessary, since devices that widen the palate can be used, but from that age, in some cases, an intervention is required.
Snoring in children is one of the characteristic symptoms of sleep apnea syndrome and is sometimes the common thread of suspicion. Therefore, if you have observed that your children snore at night, be sure to consult with your pediatrician.
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