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That breast milk is the best food for the newborn is something we all know, but there are several curiosities that you may not know about breast milk.
On our site we tell you 7 curiosities that you may not know about breastfeeding.
- Lactogenesis is governed by the cascade action of certain hormones and begins a few hours after delivery, after the delivery of the placenta. The beginning of milk production does not depend, unlike the maintenance of production, on the suckling of the baby, although the process is accelerated and favored if the suction occurs immediately after birth.
- For centuries it has been believed that breast milk was sterile, however, some years ago world-renowned researchers discovered that breast milk contains bacteria from the maternal gastrointestinal tract. The milk ducts through which the milk circulates are covered by a bacterial population, forming what are known as biofilms, films of bacteria adhering to each other forming a barrier. Interestingly, an imbalance in these bacteria can turn instead of thin films into thicker films, making the flow of milk more difficult, or even blocking the duct.
- The calcium in breast milk comes from the mother's bones. After delivery, there is a physiological loss of 3 to 7% of bone calcium - even if it is fed with artificial lactation - which recovers spontaneously after 6 months, regardless of the maternal calcium intake.
- Around 40% of the total calories are provided by lactose, being the milk of the beginning richer in this carbohydrate. Lactose produces gases, something that must be taken into account if the baby is changed breast before reaching the final milk.
- The maternal diet does not affect the amount of fat in milk, but it can affect the types of fat present in it. It is also rich in cholesterol, regardless of the maternal intake.
- The nutrients present during breastfeeding are practically absorbed by the infant's body in its entirety, so sometimes there is no waste to eliminate, hence the breastfed infants can go days without defecation.
- Women who have a premature baby produce so-called "preterm milk" that is tailored to the special needs of your newborn. For several weeks, this milk has a higher concentration of minerals, such as calcium, sodium, magnesium and phosphorus, than that of the mother who gives birth to term, in addition to a higher caloric content, which is very important for these babies to gain weight quickly. The concentration of nitrogen - and protein, since they are the main source of this mineral - in preterm milk is also higher, being poorer in lactose and vitamin C than that produced for a full-term child.
You can read more articles similar to 7 curiosities you may not know about breastfeeding, in the category of On-site breastfeeding.