How to know if your child suffers from sleep apnea

How to know if your child suffers from sleep apnea

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What is sleep apnea in children? Sleep apnea is a respiratory abnormality that occurs when sleeping, in which we stop breathing for a short period of time.

Although it is more common in adults, there is a small percentage of children who also have it. This disorder is more worrisome in childhood since, in recent studies, it has been proven that it produces developmental problems, especially on cognitive abilities, and an undiagnosed pathology can cause damage to the brain structure.

Apnea is due to the airways being blocked during sleep. Children with apnea may stop breathing for 10 to 30 seconds while they sleep, in breaks that can reach 400 times each night, preventing a good night's sleep.

Usually you can detect if your child suffers from sleep apnea if they are:

- Children who snore.

- They suffer from nocturnal urination.

- They grind their teeth at night.

- They are irritated during the day due to lack of sleep.

- They wake up constantly.

- They sleep on their backs.

- They show fatigue, low concentration and therefore poor school performance, and even alterations in metabolism.

A physical examination of the throat, mouth and neck of your child by the doctor is necessary to diagnose a problem, although in most cases a sleep study to check for causes real sleep apnea.

In children, the main cause is usually the so-called "vegetations", whose solution is a simple surgery, the same happens when the tonsils are the ones that obstruct the air passage.

In the cases of obesity can also affect the air intake, and the solution is through weight loss; However, there are other factors that entail a more complicated treatment, such as problems with the muscle tone of the throat that, when relaxing during sleep, block the airway, although it is usually more frequent in conditions such as muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy.

It can also be due to genetic diseases such as Down syndrome or Prader-willi syndrome, or due to an abnormal shape of the palate, chin or tongue.

1- If the problem is being overweight, it will be enough to lose weight.

2- If you sleep on your back, you should change your sleeping position.

3- If it is something momentary due to an allergy that inflames the respiratory tract, it can be treated with medications.

4- If it is due to structural problems of the throat, jaw or tongue, it should be treated by surgery, and in cases where surgery does not correct the problem, it is advisable to use a nasal CPAP, which is a compressor that pumps air into a mask that is wear over nose while sleeping.

If we have detected any of the above symptoms, Do not stop going to the pediatrician since sleep apnea is a poorly diagnosed pathology that, however, can have serious consequences in a child.

You can read more articles similar to How to know if your child suffers from sleep apnea, in the category of children's sleep on site.

Video: Sleep Apnea Warning Signs u0026 Best Treatments (May 2022).