The placenta and its problems during pregnancy

The placenta and its problems during pregnancy

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The placenta it is the most important organ during pregnancy. Its objective is to supply the baby food Y oxygen. It provides security and acts as a barrier to prevent some harmful substances from reaching the fetus. It is also an ideal place for him to get rid of everything that does not serve him. Definitely, a perfect link between mother and child. But what happens when the placenta has a problem?

One of the problems that may arise during the pregnancy is the call previous placenta. This occurs when the placenta grows lower in the uterus and covers the opening of the cervix partially or totally (the cervix is ​​the place where the baby has to leave during delivery).

The uterus grows during pregnancy as the baby grows. In the beginning the placenta is usually in the lower part of the uterus, but as it stretches, the placenta moves towards the upper part of the uterus. In this way the birth canal. The problem comes when the placenta does not follow its natural course and stays in the lower area. In this case there are three types of previous placenta, which are detected by ultrasound:

- Marginal: the placenta does not cover the birth canal. Is on one side of the cervix

- Partial: the placenta covers part of the cervix

- Total: the placenta covers the entire cervix

The main symptom it is usually a vaginal bleeding sudden, which occurs at the end of the second trimester of pregnancy or the beginning of the third trimester. It can stop and start again after a few days or weeks. In most cases, these symptoms can lead to premature delivery and through Caesarean section.

It is not a common problem. The previous placenta it occurs in one in every 200 pregnant women. Women with a uterus with some anomaly in its shape, in multiple pregnancies or women who have had many pregnancies before. Tobacco and the old age of pregnant can also contribute to the previous placenta.

One of the biggest risks that can occur during pregnancy is he detachment premature placenta. It is a very serious situation for mother Y baby, but it occurs very rarely (the most serious, in one in every 1600 pregnancies). Occurs when placenta separates from uterus before delivery.

It can be produced by a knock in the lower abdomen (a fall, a traffic accident ...) or by a sudden change in uterus volume, for example, by a loss of amniotic fluid).

There are some risk factors that can trigger sudden abruption of the placenta, such as tobacco, the drugs, the alcohol, hypertension, diabetes wave advanced age of the mother.

Among the symptoms, a strong abdominal pain, contractions uterine and vaginal bleeding. In some cases this situation triggers an emergency cesarean section.

The placenta It is an organ that ages as the age progresses. pregnancy. It has a life cycle that ends with delivery, that is, of no more than 42 weeks. When the placenta matures faster than normal, there is talk of aged placenta or old placenta. At the moment in which this organ does not fulfill its functions and stops providing adequate food and oxygen to the baby and a placental insufficiency, the gynecologist will consider whether it is convenient to induce labor to avoid risks to the baby.

Among the risk factors for mother suffer aging of the placenta or placental insufficiency are the hypertension, tobacco, kidney disease or some vascular problem of the mother.

You can read more articles similar to The placenta and its problems during pregnancy, in the category of Stages of pregnancy on site.

Video: Die Plazenta. der Zwilling des Babys? Ich zeige dir meine Plazenta nach der Hausgeburt (June 2022).